Secular structure, Mines

Banska Stiavnica
The historic town of Banska Stiavnica and the technical monuments in its vicinity are an outstanding example of a European medieval mining centre.
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Blaenavon Industrial Landscape
Blaenavon town owes its existence to the early production of iron and coal in its mines and ironworks.
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Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape
The Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape was transformed in the 18th and 19th century by industrialised copper and tin mining.
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Falun Great Copper Mountain
The Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun is one of the most enduring and complete monuments of the world's industrial heritage.
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Guanajuato
The Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines are an example of an influential Mining Town, with its technological innovations and Baroque architecture.
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Heritage of Mercury
The “Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija” consists of the two largest mercury mining sites in the world.
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Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape is a relict mining landscape that flourished between the 17th and 19th centuries due to an exchange of ideas and trade with East Asia and Europe.
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Kutna Hora
Kutna Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of Saint Barbara and the Cathedral of our Lady at Sedlec symbolize the wealth this city derived from silver mining.
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Las Medulas
Las Médulas is a landscape shaped by Roman gold mining. The mining was done ruina montium, which means that hydraulic power was used to blast the rocks away.
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Mining Sites of Wallonia
The Major Mining Sites of Wallonia are the best-preserved coal mining sites in Belgium. Developed in the 19th century, the Walloon mining basin became an exemplary centre of the Industrial Revolution outside England.
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Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes
The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes, covering more than 100 ha, are the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe.
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Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin
The Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin is a mining and industrial cultural landscape along a 120km long coal seam in the far north of France.
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Potosi
The City of Potosí was founded in 1546 as a silver mining town, which soon produced fabulous wealth, becoming one of the largest cities in the Americas and the world.
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Rammelsberg and Goslar
The Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System constitutes of one of the largest mining and metallurgical complexes for non-ferrous metals in Europe.
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Røros
Røros Mining Town developed in the 17th century and still holds many authentic wooden buildings. The town was burned to the ground in 1678 and 1679 by the Swedish Army during the Scanian War.
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Sewell Mining Town
Sewell Mining Town is an example of an early 20th century mining town set up by a foreign company for copper mining.
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Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines
The Wieliczka Salt Mine is an example of a well organized, large industrial establishment. The evolution of the mining processes since the Middle Ages is perfectly illustrated here, due to the conservation of the old galleries and the exhibition of tools used.
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Zacatecas
The Historic Centre of Zacatecas is a well-preserved Spanish colonial town based on mining industry. Many of its streets are steep or at different levels due to the mountainous setting.
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Zollverein
The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen represents the development of traditional heavy industries in Europe, and the innovative architecture that was used.
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