Central Suriname Nature Reserve
The Central Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR) covers 1.6 million ha of pristine tropical forest in the Guayana Shield. The reserve is one of the very few undisturbed forest areas in the Amazonian region with no inhabitants and no human use. It covers 11% of the land surface of Suriname. Located at the upper watershed of the Coppename River, it contains areas of swamp forest and savannah.
The CSNR was established in 1998 to link up three pre-existing reserves: Raleighvallen Nature Reserve, Tafelberg Nature Reserve and Eilerts de Haan Gebergte Nature Reserve.
It has a high diversity of plant life and 400 species of birds. Globally rare fauna species include the Cock-of-the Rock, the Harpy Eagle, Jaguar, Giant Armadillo and Giant Otter.
The CSNR has several dramatic geological formations:
- The Tafelberg is a « tepui » or table top mountain
- The 250-meter Voltzberg Dome is an inselberg
- The Devil's Egg, a giant rock balanced atop a granite spire hundreds of feet high
- The Julianatop (1,230 m), the highest peak in Suriname.
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