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Ichkeul National Park

Ichkeul National Park
Ichkeul National Park is an important stopping-over point for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds each year. It is located in northern Tunisia near the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Among the lake's visitors are ducks, geese, storks, and pink flamingoes.

Dam construction on the lake's feeder rivers has produced major changes to the ecological balance of the lake and wetlands. Because these dams have sharply reduced the freshwater inflow to the lakes and marshes, the reedbeds, sedges, and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced with salt-loving plants. These changes have produced a sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations, which depend on the mix of plants that used to exist.

Year Decision Comments
2006Removed from Danger list
1996In Danger
1980 Inscribed Reasons for inscription
1979DeferredUntil Tunisia has contacted other States to ensure adequate protection of summering and wintering areas of major migratory species found in Ichkeul
1978DeferredLack of documentation


Jarek Pokrzywnicki (Poland):
Well, the place was visited by me in 1999 but I guess that most of the information is actual. The easiest way to get there is by car (I haven't even checked the possibility of local transportation there), from Tunis take road P7 to Mateur and then P11 to Tinia, after a while turn left on a non-sealed but stable road you can reach the gate of the park (there is an entrance fee for the car). Just around 2 km from the place there is an eco-museum (at the time of my visit it was free of charge) with local exhibitions. From that point you can take an easy by-the-lake walk on a local road (unsealed) round the lake. All that area together with a nearby Jabal (Mointain) Ichkeul and the marchlands with bulls (on a way to the park) are inscribed as World Heritage Site. More info:
Date posted: December 2010
Ichkeul is about 25km south of Bizerte and one of the most important rest areas of migration birds. During the winter months the Lake Ichkeul is filled primarily from freshwater rivers, the salt content ist low. During the summer months the water evaporats and then the surface level of the lake is below zero and sea-water fills the lake via a connection channel. The salt contemt raises.

Different anaimals determine the two seasons, particularily fish.

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