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Mapungubwe was a city that flourished from AD 1050 to AD 1270. It marked the center of a pre-Shona kingdom which covered parts of modern-day Botswana and Zimbabwe. It is located at the confluence of the Shashe and Limpopo rivers.

Artifacts found here consisted of a variety of materials such as pottery, trade glass beads, Chinese celadon ware, gold ornaments (including a famous golden rhino), ceramic figurines, organic remains, crafted ivory and bone and refined copper and iron.


DAVID (South afrca):
Though it is the nearest heritage site for me to visit, i find it more unbelievable that i am situated next to that place. Mapungubwe is an exciting place to visit because of its climate conditions, the natural well being, and environmental factors such as low pollution, absence of gaseous substances which affetcs the atmospheres. these factor makes the place a healthy site to visit, and even stay. the world did not make a mistake by honouring the place the world heritage site. its just 90 kilo away from i am situated at musina.
Date posted: May 2013
Elke ():
Mapungubwe is a special and sacred place, I have had the honor to go on top of the mountain several times and each time you discover something new about the amazing history, myths, legends and culture that lay hidden in the mountain.
It is great climbing up the mountain through the entrance that was once a long time ago a secret entrance hidden by a wild fig tree, its the only way to get on top of the mountain. There is a rope now but long ago there was none and the people who lived there were really clever and made a ladder by grinding holes into the rocks on opposite sides and putting sticks on each side. It great climbing up there (just wear the appropriate clothing}.

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Site info

Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape
Country: South Africa
Inscribed: 2003
Cultural Heritage
Criteria:  (2) (3) (4) (5)
Category: Human activity, Cultural landscape

Site history:
2003 Inscribed
Reasons for inscription

Site links

Official website:
»Mapungubwe National Park

In the news:
» Rhino carcass discovered in Limpopo Park (27-07-2014).
» Mapungubwe visitor centre opens (14-09-2012).
» Prized world heritage site Mapungubwe, where the famous gold rhino statuette was unearthed, could soon have the scar of an open-cast coal mine on its doorstep (25-02-2009).

Related links:
Not available

Related Forum posts:
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Getting there

This WHS has 1 location(s).


Dry Stone Construction .
Notable Trees . Ratites .
On National Border .
Chinese Porcelain in Africa . Historical Food Remains .
Built in the 10th century .
Located in a Former Capital .
WHS on Other Lists
World Biosphere Reserves .
World Heritage Process
Extensions on Tentative List . Relict Cultural Landscapes .

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