Destroyed during invasion
WHS (or significant parts thereof) that were destroyed or severely damaged during invasion
World Heritage Sites connected to 'Destroyed during invasion':
Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad destroyed by the Almohads in 1152.Ancient Merv Destroyed by the Mongols in 1221Angkor Thai Invasion in 1431 Anuradhapura Chola invasion in 1017 Ashur Destroyed by the Medes in 614 BCAyutthaya By Burmese Army in 1767Berat and Gjirokastra Berat: sacked and burned by the RomansBerlin Modernism Housing Estates Russian attack on Berlin in 1945 Biblical Tells Megiddo, HatzorChangdeokgung Palace Complex Korea's Changdeokgung and Jongmyo Shrine by Japanese Invasion in 1592Colonia del Sacramento By Spain in 1704/5Costiera Amalfitana Scala was destroyed by the Pisans in the 12th Century.Curonian Spit Kaup was destroyed by the CrusadesEl Fuerte de Samaipata Wiki: "Guarani warriors conquered the plains and valleys of Santa Cruz and destroyed Samaipata."Ferrara Comacchio was destroyed by the Venetians in 854Grand Place, Brussels "On August 13, 1695, a 70,000-strong French army under Marshal Fran?ois de Neufville, Duke of Villeroy began a bombardment of Brussels in an effort to draw the League of Augsburg's forces away from their siege on French-held Namur in what is now southern Belgium. The French launched a massive bombardment of the mostly defenseless city centre with cannons and mortars, setting it on fire and flattening the majority of the Grand Place and the surrounding city. Only the stone shell of the town hall and a few fragments of other buildings remained standing. That the town hall survived at all is ironic, as it was the principal target of the artillery fire." Great Smoky Mountains Oconaluftee, the Cherokee capital within the park area was probably destroyed in 1776 by the army of General Griffith Rutherford during the American Revolution.Gyeongju
"Hwangnyongsa - This group consists of two ruined temples, Hwangnyongsa and Punhwangsa. Hwangnyongsa, built to the order of King Chinhung (540-76) was the largest temple ever built in Korea, covering some 72,500m2. An 80m high nine-storey pagoda was added in 645. The entire complex was destroyed by Mongol invaders in 1238." - AB DocumentHatra Destroyed by the Sassanids in 241Huť By American bombing during the Battle of Hue in 1968Hwaseong Fortress North Korean invasion of South Korea in 1950. "Considerable damage was caused to some parts of the Fortress during the Korean War. The Changanmun and Ch'angyongmun Gates were completely destroyed, and sections of the walls were demolished." - AB DocumentIbiza By Vandals, 5th centuryJongmyo Shrine By Japanese Invasion in 1592KernavŽ Archeological Site Destroyed by the Teutonic Order in the late 14th centuryKhami Ruins 1683Koguryo Kingdom "Koguryo directly bordered the Kingdom of Wei, with which it often conflicted. General Wu Qi~ujian of Wei attacked Koguryo. The construction of palaces of Wandu Mountain City was damaged. King Dongchuanwang moved the capital to Guonei City (209AD) and started the first round of construction of the city." - Nomination FileKunya-Urgench Genghis Khan 1221Luang Prabang Black Haw Invasion in 1887 destroyed most of temples and palacesMinaret of Jam The city of Firuzkuh where it was located was apparently destroyed by the MongolsMuseumsinsel (Museum Island) Russian attack on Berlin in 1945 My Son By American Bombing During Vietnam War in 1969Old City of Jerusalem By the Roman Army (70 A.D.)Palenque towards the end of the 12th Century by coastal peoplesPersepolis Alexander the Great 330BCPolonnaruva Kalinga invasion in 1214Quebrada de Humahuaca The Pucara at Tilcara was destroyed by the Spaniards and its inhabitants exiled.Rila Monastery Destroyed by the Ottomans in the middle of the 15th CenturyRoyal Palaces of Abomey Abomey - destroyed during the French invasion in 1892RÝros R?ros was burned to the ground in 1678 and 1679 by the Swedish Army during the Scanian War.Santa Ana de los Rios de Cuenca In late 1531 or early 1532, Atahualpa and his generals forced the city Tumebamba to surrender and had it destroyed. Tumebamba is the Inca city that was on the present site of Cuenca, EcuadorSeokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple "During the Imjin wars, the wooden buildings were burned to the ground. After 1604, reconstruction and expansion of Bulguksa started." -wikiShakhrisyabz Destroyed by the Emir of Bukhara in the 16th centurySite of Carthage Third Punic War in 146 BC Speyer Cathedral Speyer Cathedral during the Nine Years' War (Palatinate War of Succession 1688?97) by French troopsSummer Palace Lord Elgin 1860Troy Trojan WarTuraif Quarter From Wiki "....led to the Ottoman-Saudi War of 1811?1818 and an invasion of Arabia by Ottoman and Egyptian forces brought the Saudi state to an end in 1818, with Diriyah capitulating after a nearly-year-long siege. The leader of the invading force, Ibrahim Pasha, ordered the destruction of Diriyah. However, when a member of the local nobility tried to revive the Wahhabi state in Diriyah, Ibrahim ordered his troops to destroy the town even further and set whatever was left of it on fire. When the Saudis revived their fortunes in 1824 and again in 1902, they made their capital further south in Riyadh, which remained their capital ever since.White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal Bogolyubovo by Mongols during the 1230's
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