Mithraism was a mystery religion which became popular among the military in the Roman Empire, from the 1st to 4th centuries AD. It is best attested in the cities of Rome and Ostia and in the Roman provinces of Mauretania, Britain, and in the provinces along the Rhine and Danube frontier.

World Heritage Sites connected to 'Mithraism':

  • Fertö/Neusiedlersee Fertorakos Mithraeum
  • Frontiers of the Roman Empire Rudchester Mithraeum at Hadrian's Wall
  • Nisa Nisa Was called "Mithradatkert". Among its kings were Mithradates I and II (= "Given by Mithra"). Mithraic mausoleums and shrines have been uncovered
  • Rome Under Santo Stefano Rotondo and Basilica di San Clemente
  • Sulaiman-Too "There is material to suggest that the earliest cult of Sulaiman-Too could be Mithraism. Mithra, one of the most ancient Indo-Arian gods, was later included in the Zoroastrian pantheon." (AB evaluation)