Notable mosques. Description should include name, year(s) of construction, denomination (if not stated, we assume it's Sunni) and remarkable facts that prove it's special / remarkable in any way.

Connected Sites

  • Agadez Grand Mosque and Mosques of Tend
  • Agra Fort Mina Masjid (Heavenly Mosque), Pearl Mosque, Nagina Masjid (Gem Mosque)
  • Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad Great Mosque, origins in 11th century, its minaret can be seen as the prototype for three-tiered minarets like the Giralda in Seville (although this also is attributed to the Koutoubia Mosque of Marrakech)
  • Al Zubarah Old Mosque
  • Aleppo 12th-century Great Mosque
  • Ancient ksours Chinguetti, the Great, "Friday Mosque" - created by the city founders sometime in the thirteenth or fourteenth century. The minaret of this ancient structure is supposed to be the second oldest in continuous use anywhere in the Muslim world. At Ouadane are the remains of and old mosque, and a new one closely modelled upon it.
  • Ancient Merv Several, including the mosque-mausoleum complex of Sultan Sanjar and the 12th century Seljuk Talkhattan Baba Mosque
  • Ancient Thebes Abu Haggag Mosque, which stands atop the ruins of Luxor Temple Link
  • Anjar Umayyad Mosque
  • Bagerhat Mosque of Shait Gumbad (or Sixty Dome Mosque) and several others - 15th century - Sunni
  • Bahla Fort (Old) Friday Mosque - 14th-century sculpted mihrab - Ibadi
  • Bam Cultural Landscape The Bam citadel has two mosques, one is the Jame' Mosque and the other the Hazrat Mohammad (AS) Mosque.
  • Berat and Gjirokastra Berat: the Leaden Mosque (16th cent.), the Bachelors' Mosque (Mangalem, 1827), the Teqeja Helvetive Mosque (late 18th cent.)
  • Bolgar The central feature is the historic mosque of tetragonal shape, preserved as an architectural ruin and one of the rare surviving architectural manifestations of the early Golden Horde period (late 13th century). The minaret of this former mosque collapsed in 1841 but was reconstructed in the year 2000 on the basis of historical drawings made on site in 1827. (AB ev)
  • Bosra Mosque of Omar, one of the oldest surviving mosques in the world (720/1), built on the site of a pagan temple
  • Bukhara Kalyan Mosque (1514), Magoki-Attori Mosque (rebuilt in 20th century)
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Jama Masjid
  • Cordoba Mezquita - 8th century - Sunni (former mosque, now a cathedral)
  • Crac des Chevaliers mosque built by Sultan Qalaun at Fortress of Saladin
  • Damascus Umayyad Mosque - 706/715 - Sunni; Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque - ?? - Shia
  • Derbent ?Djuma-mesjid? is one of the earliest mosques in the former USSR. It probably dates from the 8th century, though renovated or rebuilt in the 14th and 17th centuries.
  • Divrigi Great Mosque - 1228/29 - Sunni
  • Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Great Mosque of Diyarbakır, and several more within the citadel Link
  • Djenné Great Mosque (made of mud) - originating from 1300, rebuilt in 1907/9 - Sunni
  • Dubrovnik Link
  • Fatehpur Sikri Jama Mosque
  • Harar 82 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century
  • Historic Cairo Al-Azhar Mosque, 975, Sunni, connected to one of the world's oldest universities, home to Arab medieval scholarship; Sultan Hassan Mosque, 1356, Sunni, a masterpiece of Mamluk architecture
  • Historic Jeddah Nine historic mosques are in the nominated area. The two most important surviving mosques architecturally are Masjid ash-Shafe
  • Incense Route of the Negev Sobota
  • Istanbul Suleymaniye Mosque (1557 - Sunni), Sultan Ahmet Mosque (1616 - Sunni, also known als Blue Mosque) and many more
  • Itchan Kala Djuma Mosque (rebuilt in 1788-89, but originating from 10th century)
  • Kairouan Great Mosque (7th century) and the 9th-century Mosque of the Three Gates (both Sunni)
  • Kasbah of Algiers Great Mosque of Algiers, 1097, Sunni, one of the few remaining examples of Almoravid architecture
  • Kazan Kremlin Kazan Qol Sharif - the only 21st Century building identified in a nomination
  • Kunya-Urgench Dash mosque
  • Lamu Old Town Riyadha Mosque 1880
  • M'Zab Valley Central town mosques in each of the 5 ksours; 11th century (reconstructed); Ibadi
  • Masjed-e Jâme' the oldest Friday (congregational) mosque in Iran (AB ev)
  • Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi
  • Mazagan 19th century Mosque of El Jadida
  • Medina of Essaouira "The many mosques, in a characteristic style, and especially the Mosques of the Casbah and Ben Yossef."
  • Medina of Fez Mosque of Mulai Idris (one of the earliest mosques in the history of Morocco, 810)
  • Medina of Marrakesh Koutoubia Mosque, 1147, Sunni, its minaret has greatly influences Spanish architecture
  • Medina of Sousse Great Mosque (851) and Bu Ftata Mosque (838-841)
  • Medina of Tunis The Great Mosque and the Aghlabid Ez-Zitouna Mosque ("Mosque of the Olive"), built in 723
  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan Shah mosque - 17th century - Shia
  • Meknes Grand Mosque, founded in the 11th century by the Almoravids
  • Melaka and George Town Melaka Link
  • Mostar Cejvan Cehaj Mosque, 1552, Sunni, a notable example of Ottoman sacred architecture in the Balkans
  • Mudejar Architecture of Aragon La Seo Cathedral in Zaragoza was converted from a mosque into a cathedral Link
  • Ohrid Region Ali Pasha Mosque built at the end of the 15th century or the beginning of the 16th century. The largest in Ohrid.
  • Old City of Acre Jezzar Pasha Mosque, 1781, Sunni, the best example of Ottoman architecture in Israel (and perhaps in the entire Levant)
  • Old City of Jerusalem Al-Aqsa Mosque (Sunni), originating from the 8th century and rebuilt in the 11th
  • Old Town of Galle Meeran Jumma Mosque - originating from 1750s and rebuilt in 1904 - Sunni
  • Paphos Cami-i Kebir (Great Mosque - Aya Sofya) in Ktima (upper Paphos) was converted into a mosque in 1570 or built in 1584 (according to different sources). It is the only surviving mosque in Paphos.
  • Pearling Siyadi complex: modest single-storey mosque with a conical minaret was originally built (AB ev)
  • Petra Jebel Haroun : The small Islamic white-washed mosque (weli) still can be seen on the top of the mountain is from the mid-14th century Link
  • Qutb Minar Qabbat ul Islam Mosque
  • Rabat Several, including the as-Sunna mosque, dating from the late 18th century, which is the fourth-largest mosque in present-day Morocco. (AB ev)
  • Red Fort Moti Mosque
  • Rhodes Soliman Mosque 1523
  • Rohtas Fort Shahi Mosque
  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara Great Mosque of Kilwa - From 10th century but mainly 12th/13th. Sunni (?). First true dome on East African coast.
  • Safi al-Din Ensemble in Ardabil
  • Safranbolu Several mosques, dating from 1322 (Old Mosque, Sunni) til the 19th century Kacak and Hamadiye mosques
  • Saint Catherine Area "The Fatimid Mosque, on the site of a small Crusader chapel, was built between 1101 and 1106. It is rectangular in plan, with a small semi-detached minaret in the northern corner and a small courtyard in front, which forms the roof of the well restored ancient olive press and mill." (Unesco website)
  • Samarkand Bibi-Khanym Mosque (1399-1404), Sunni
  • Samarra Great Mosque - was the largest mosque in the Islamic World when it was built between 849 and 852, its Spiral Minaret is the most unusual in the Islamic world & the somewhat smaller look-a-like Abu Dulaf Mosque from the same period (both Sunni)
  • Sana'a 103 mosques, "The majestic seventh century Jami' al-Kabir (Great Mosque) is one of the oldest in the Muslim world."
  • Selimiye Mosque
  • Seville The Giralda Tower was formerly the minaret of the Great Mosque (built in 1172-98)
  • Shakhrisyabz Kok Gumbaz Mosque: A Friday mosque built in 1437 by Ulugh Beg in honor of his father Shah Rukh, its name meaning ?Blue Dome?.
  • Silk Roads Burana Tower at Balasagun, only the large minaret still standing Link
  • Stone Town of Zanzibar Malindi Bamnara Mosque (Sunni, 1831)
  • Sulaiman-Too Two largely reconstructed 16th century mosques
  • Susa Grand Mosque (presumed to be 7th century CE) were also discovered. The mosque is said to be one of the earliest built in Iran. (AB ev)
  • Tabriz Bazaar 28 mosques in the Bazaar area (AB ev)
  • Thessalonika The Church of the Acheiropoietos was converted into a mosque and is nowadays referred to as the Old Mosque.
  • Timbuktu Djinguereber Mosque, 1327, Sunni
  • Toledo Mosque of Christ of the Light (Mezquita del Cristo de la Luz ), 999, Sunni, the only remaining mosque in Toledo
  • Tomb of Askia Complex includes 2 mosques
  • Walled City of Baku 17th-century Kasumbek Mosque, the Palace Mosque (1441), mosque of Key-Gubad.
  • Zabid Great Mosque (9th century), plus 85 other mosques


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