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Piracy

World Heritage Sites connected to Piracy

  • Baroque Churches The Miag-ao Church, one of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, became a "fortified church" to counter the attacks and pillaging by pirates.
  • Belize Barrier Reef
  • Camagüey "After almost continuous attacks from pirates the original city (founded as Santa Maria del Puerto del Principe around 1515 on the northern coast) was moved inland in 1528" (wiki)
  • Campeche Faced almost constant attacks by English and Dutch buccaneers/pirates for c150 years after founding in 1540 For pirate names see link. (The town's Baseball team is called the "Campeche Pirates"!) Link
  • Cidade Velha
  • Cocos Island AB: "The human historical record includes pirates..."
  • Coro and its Port Attacked by Pirates and Privateers 1567, 1595 and 1659. Its fortifed Cathedral was used as a refuge. In 1659 the English pirate Christopher Mings with 3 ships took booty worth 200-300k in raids on Coro and 2 other Venezuelan ports.
  • Epidaurus AB evaluation: "despite pillaging by ... the Cilician pirates, the restored sanctuary prospered during the Roman period as witnessed by the famous description by Pausanias in 150 A.D."
  • Gyeongju "Wokou (Korean pronunciation: waegu), which literally translates as "Japanese pirates" in English, were pirates of varying origins who raided the coastlines of China and Korea from the 13th century onwards. The term Wokou was used by both Chinese and Korean troops in reference to the invasion force of Toyotomi Hideyoshi." - wiki The Imjin War was an Invasion force meant to conquer Korea, China, and India. This could hardly be classified as "piracy". However, Wokou did make up a large portion of the Japanese navy. Furthermore, there is one infamous example of piracy on the Japanese retreat back to the sea which sole purpose was revenge and plunder. "With Kato Kiyomasa's last withdrawal vengeance was wreaked, and the entire city (Gyeonju) was put to the torch, including the wonderful Bulguksa temple. Loaded with plunder, Kato reached the sea coast of Ulsan."
  • Kasbah of Algiers "A Turk corsair Khair-al-din .. founded his capital in Algiers in 1516". He is better known in Europe as 'Barbarossa' and under him and his successors Algiers became one of the main ports of the 'Barbary Pirates' for several centuries. As part of a combined European attempt to wipe out the piracy the city was bombarded on 27 Aug 1816 by an Anglo-Dutch fleet and c1000 Christian slaves held there were freed.
  • Kronborg Castle The toll to pass through the Sound by Kronborg castle was levied from 1429 ostensibly as a compensation to Denmark for keeping the sound free from pirates. Crews from 'Danziger Fribyttere' (Pirates from Danzig) were hanged at the castle. But there was still a lot of piracy in the area and this would have been known to Shakespeare. Hence Hamlet is captured by Pirates, and, in the play, 2 pirates deliver a note to Horatio at Elsinore informing him that Hamlet has returned to Denmark
  • Medina of Tétouan
  • Mount Athos "perpetual pirate attacks"
  • Panamá Henry Morgan 1670, Buccaneers 1671
  • Portobelo-San Lorenzo Francis Drake 1596, William Parker 1601, Henry Morgan 1668
  • San Pedro de la Roca Castle Houses the Museum of Piracy
  • Santo Domingo Francis Drake 1586
  • Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple "Wokou (Korean pronunciation: waegu), which literally translates as "Japanese pirates" in English, were pirates of varying origins who raided the coastlines of China and Korea from the 13th century onwards. The term Wokou was used by both Chinese and Korean troops in reference to the invasion force of Toyotomi Hideyoshi." - wiki The Imjin War was an Invasion force meant to conquer Korea, China, and India. This could hardly be classified as "piracy". However, Wokou did make up a large portion of the Japanese navy. Furthermore, there is one infamous example of piracy on the Japanese retreat back to the sea which sole purpose was revenge and plunder. "With Kato Kiyomasa's last withdrawal vengeance was wreaked, and the entire city (Gyeonju) was put to the torch, including the wonderful Bulguksa temple. Loaded with plunder, Kato reached the sea coast of Ulsan."
  • Stralsund and Wismar Home of the Victual Brothers, a companionship of privateers who later turned to piracy (14th century)
  • Visby Occupied by the Baltic Pirates "The Victual Brothers". They made it their HQ in the Baltic until they were attacked by the Teutonic Knights in 1398 when the city was destroyed. Link
  • Willemstad

Suggestions?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. be explained, with reference to a source